Phonics

Reception upwards follows Read Write Inc. phonics, where children are in ability groups from reception to Year 2. Read Write Inc. phonics (also known as Ruth Miskin Literacy) is a phonic programme that gets children reading and writing fast. The programme includes teaching children to:

  • Understand phoneme-grapheme correspondence for reading and spelling. This is taught quickly and effectively using mnemonic associations.
  • Read single and multi-syllabic words containing specific phoneme/grapheme correspondences.
  • Children use phoneme-blending (or ‘synthesising’) for word-reading, progressing from the simplest level to more complex levels.
  • Read phonetically irregular words. Children are taught to read the small number of words that that do not follow a regular phonic pattern.
  • Read texts containing carefully controlled phonic and irregular vocabulary. These are very lively texts that are written to include a range of fiction and non-fiction genres. They have been specially written to help children practise reading words containing a controlled and cumulative phonic vocabulary. Once children can ‘decode’ the text, they are then helped to re-tell, summarise, read with appropriate intonation and discuss key questions about the text.
  • Spell words containing a gradual build-up of phoneme-grapheme correspondences. Children learn to spell a controlled and cumulative phonic vocabulary using a simple system that has proved highly successful. They are also taught to spell the small number of irregular words.
  • Develop a wide range of vocabulary for writing. Although the texts are phonically regular, a wide range of vocabulary is introduced to broaden children’s spoken and written vocabulary.
  • Write in a range of genres. Children are helped to write independently step-by-step. Both teachers and children are supported with ideas, structures and writing frames. Marking rubrics are used for assessing the quality of writing so that children have a clear idea, as they write, about their audience, purpose and the form their writing will take. The writing, generally, ties in closely with the texts they read, but further support is given to teachers to develop writing in the afternoons.
  • Develop a clear handwriting style. It is vital that children develop a clear and fluent handwriting style as soon as they learn to write. Once they have mastered clear individual letter formation they are taught to join letters into a fluid script.